Yıl : 2020 Cilt : 35 Sayı : 4

Tam Metin (PDF)

Contribution of Passive Sampling Devices on the Determination of Hydrophobic Organic Contaminant Bioaccumulation in Marine Organisms

Open Access

Öz

Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants (HOC) are a group of chemicals needed to determine the health of marine ecosystems, and passive sampling devices are promising tools that offer a convenient monitoring opportunity. Traditional biomonitoring studies involved different types of marine organisms, and it appeared that simultaneous deployment of passive samplers with biomonitoring organisms provided the necessary information for the calculation of the aquatic organisms’ bioaccumulation factors (BAF). There was not any other parameter than BAF, that could be used to determine the biomagnification and fate of contaminants in the upper trophic levels, which eventually affect all marine and terrestrial ecosystem health. In the light of the essence of BAF, this study applied a modified version of BAF estimation dependent on the contaminant concentrations both in the passive and active samplers. Thus, BAF parameters could be calculated properly without any need of a contaminant concentration in the surrounding water environment. For this purpose, the HOC concentration detected from the anthropogenic settlements in the coastal regions of Turkey were collocated, evaluated, and represented for different HOC groups. It was concluded that the present method is appropriate and applicable for BAF calculations of different groups of HOCs, where there are simultaneous deployments of both active and passive samplers in the process of biomonitoring studies.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Passive-sampling   HOC   bioaccumulation   BAF   concentration-ratio-model  

Sorumlu Yazar

Sevil Deniz Yakan

Kaynakça

  • Ahmad, R., Salem, N. M., & Estaitieh, H. (2010). Occurrence of organochlorine pesticide residues in eggs, chicken and meat in Jordan. Chemosphere, 78(6), 667–671. [CrossRef]
  • Amdany, R., Chimuka, L., Cukrowska, E., Kukučka, P., Kohoutek, J., Tölgyessy, P., & Vrana, B. (2014). Assessment of bioavailable fraction of POPS in surface water bodies in Johannesburg City, South Africa, using passive samplers: An initial assessment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186(9), 5639–5653. [CrossRef]
  • André Lourenço, R., Francisco de Oliveira, F., Haddad Nudi, A., Rebello Wagener, Â. de L., Guadalupe Meniconi, M. de F., & Francioni, E. (2015). PAH assessment in the main Brazilian offshore oil and gas production area using semi-permeable membrane devices (SPMD) and transplanted bivalves. Continental Shelf Research, 101, 109–116. [CrossRef]
  • Baskaran, S., Armitage, J. M., & Wania, F. (2019). Model-based exploration of the variability in lake trout (Salvelinus namayc
Daha Fazla Göster

Detaylar

DOI 10.26650/ASE2020648340

Submission : 19 Kas 2019

Published : 1 Eki 2020

Tam Metin (PDF)